Valais

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The vineyards of Valais account for a third of the total wine-production in Switzerland. They extend over a hundred kilometres along the river Rhône. Their well-exposed slopes stretch from the east village of Salquenen to the western city of Martigny. The vineyards sometimes deeply penetrate the lateral valleys; such is the case of Visperterminen at an altitude of 1100 meters and ranks among the highest in Europe. The favourable, sunny and dry climate, as well as the diversity of soils, account for the amazing richness of unique wines that the Valais produces from a wide range of grape varieties. As well as the astonishing and robust reds, originating from indigenous grape varieties, one can also find the noble and delicate Pinot Noir wines, the principal variety in the famous Dôle blend. The range of white wines goes from the light and delicate Fendant to specialities, such as the full and complex late-harvest wines. The canton of Valais really is a paradise for the wine-lovers, who wish to make new discoveries and to have the most diverse experiences. Protected by the barrier of the Alps, the canton of Valais has by far the driest climate of all of the Swiss wine-producing regions. The foehn, a warm wind that accelerates the grapes' maturation, is also an important climatic factor. The great diversity of soils in Valais is due to the combination of geological upheavals, receding glaciers and alluvial deposits of the Rhône and the Alps' torrents.
Sub-regions: 
Central Valais
Lower Valais
Upper Valais
Producers identified: 
600
Producers listed: 
Wines listed: 
Average temperature
Annual: 
10.1°C
January: 
-0.1°C
July: 
20.1°C
Sun exposure: 
2093 h/year
Annual rainfall: 
603 mm
Rainy days: 
82
Regional weight: 
33.4%
Cultivated area: 
12291 acres
Planted white: 
4658 acres
Planted red: 
7632 acres
Number of varieties: 
60
Main varieties: 
Amigne
Arvine
Chasselas
Savagnin Blanc
Sylvaner
Cornalin
Gamay
Humagne Red
Pinot Noir
Syrah
Topography: 
Highest: 
1100 m
Lowest: 
390 m
Soils: 
Alluvium
Granite
Gravel
Limestone
Schist
Stones

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